While Essex County has seen a light increase in population over the past 10 years, the county seat has seen the largest decrease in population over that same time.
Six towns (North Elba at 298, St. Armand at 227, Jay at 200, Lewis at 182, Willsboro and Wilmington at 122) saw triple-digit increases to their population, while three towns saw triple-digit decreases in population, led by Elizabethtown’s decline of 152, Ticonderoga’s decline of 125 and Schroon’s loss of 105.
Overall, the county population increased from 38,849 in 2000 to 39,370 in 2010, a jump of 521 or 1.3 percent.
In all increases and decreases were split, 9-9, with Chesterfield (36), Keene (42) and Minerva (13) also seeing gains in population, while the three major drops were joined by Crown Point (95), Essex (42), Moriah (81), Newcomb (45), North Hudson (26) and Westport (50) as towns with declines in population.
Population figures are used when determining such things as school and municipal aid, as well as representation on federal and state legislatures and within the Essex County Board of Supervisors.