With the arrival of extended periods of high temperatures and humidity, you are encouraged to take the necessary precautions to prevent heat related illnesses. Someone with a history of dehydration, cardiovascular and/or pulmonary disease are particularly susceptible to heat related illnesses and complications.
Heat Prostration: Warning Signals: Gradual weakness, nausea, anxiety, excess sweating, syncope (fainting)
Appearance & Signs: Skin is pale, grayish and clammy
Management: For syncope: Place head down and administer cool, slightly salty fluids immediately.
Heat Stroke (Serious Emergency): Warning Signals: Headache, weakness and sudden loss of consciousness
Appearance & Signs: Hot, red, dry skin, little sweating, very high temperatures and hard, rapid pulse.
Management: Immediately cool skin by wrapping or immersing in cold water or ice. Call 911 or paramedics.
Heat Cramps: Warning Signals: Severe cramps and spasms in the arms, legs and/or abdomen.
Appearance and Signs:Skin may be hot and dry, or cool and clammy, depending on the humidity. The muscles feel like hard knots.
Management: Provide cool fluids and foods containing sodium chloride (table salt).
(Information provided by
State of New York Department of Health)