U.S. maple syrup production in 2011 was up 43 percent with Vermont leading the nation, followed by New York, according to a report released June 9 by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) National Agricultural Statistics Service.
The 2011 maple syrup production was 2.79 million gallons, up 43 percent from the revised 2010 total and surpassing the record of about 2.4 million gallons set two years ago. The number of taps was estimated at 9.58 million, 3 percent above the 2010 revised total of 9.26 million. The yield per tap is estimated to be 0.29 gallons, up 38 percent from 2010.
All states showed an increase in production from the previous year. Vermont led all states in production, with New York and Maine second and third, respectively.
The report detailed production over the past three years for 10 states, including Connecticut, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin.
Here are the top three maple syrup producing states:
Vermont: 2011, 1,140,000 gallons; 2010, 890,000; 2009, 920,000.
New York: 2011, 564,000 gallons; 2010, 312,000; 2009, 439,000.
Maine: 2011, 360,000 gallons; 2010, 315,000; 2009, 395,000.
On average, the season lasted 32 days in 2011 compared with 23 days last year. In most states, the season started later than last year. The earliest sap flow reported was Jan. 10 in New York. The latest sap flow reported was Feb. 14 in New Hampshire.
Sugar content of the sap for 2011 was down from the previous year. On average, about 43 gallons of sap were required to produce one gallon of syrup. This compares with 46 gallons in 2010 and 43 gallons in 2009. The majority of the syrup produced in each state this year was medium to dark in color with the exception of Connecticut.
The 2010 U.S. price per gallon was $37.50, down $0.40 from the revised 2009 price of $37.90. The U.S. value of production, at $73.6 million for 2010, was down 19 percent from the revised previous season. The value of production was down in all states.