Born to suffer and die young
Dr. Abraham Jacobi, a German-born physician of prominence who became America’s first pediatrician, whose summer residence is in Bolton Landing, says that 25 percent of the children born to the rich in New York city die before the age of five years because their mothers did not attend properly to their nourishment when they were infants. The children needed their mother’s milk and did not get it because physicians, anxious to please their rich patients, told them they need not stay away from bridge parties and matinees to nurse their babies because (non-pasteurized) cow’s milk would do just as well.
Fifty-per cent of the children in the tenements die in infancy because they are born into conditions of disease, malnutrition and neglect. Dr. Jacobi says, “Our hospitals, insane asylums and penitentiaries are filled with the result of children brought into the world to swell families already too large for their means of support. In many cases the homes are too small and disease results from lack of ventilation and general uncleanness where the mother is too ignorant and slovenly to give the proper care to her child. A puny, ill-nourished body goes hand in hand with a puny, ill-nourished brain which leads to crime, disease and insanity.
Mothers, who now know no better, need to be taught how to keep their surroundings clean and wholesome. They need to realize that it is not right to feed their infants cold milk and to sew the baby’s clothes on them for the winter and to let them wallow in their own filth and suffer from rash and infected sores.
Fifty years ago statistics show that conditions were even worse and out of every 100 children born in the tenements 46 died before the age of five years. Now the mortality is only 29 out of 100 which is a big improvement.
(Note: In the early 1900’s it was not only children that suffered from filth. It was common in the foul-smelling Adirondack lumber camps for a logger to put on his long red wool underwear in the fall and to never take them off for any reason until the following summer. In the dirt floor bunk houses fleas and bedbugs were common and the straw in the shoddy mattresses was seldom changed. Three quarters of these loggers were tough French-Canadians and this was simply a way of life that everyone took for granted. The valuable oxen and horses, by comparison, were given clean straw and suitable food. Whiskey was a necessity to the loggers. In his book, “The Heydays of the Adirondacks,” Maitland DeSormo wrote, “It was virtually true that bygone loggers would enthusiastically eat March hay if it was sprinkled with whiskey.”
In the early 1900’s only one-third of the children attended school. It was a common necessity, especially in poor families, to keep children at home to work to help support the family. The idea of education for a female, who was destined to marry and raise a family, was considered to be nonsense. More well to do men, who had little or no education themselves, believed that “book learning” would ruin their sons and, prevent them from surviving in the real world.
Less than 10 per cent of all these children graduated from high school. The privileged few students who were lucky enough to attend the prestigious Warrensburgh Academy were the fortunate ones who most all went on to notable careers.)
‘Buffalo Bill’ retires
Colonel William Frederick Cody or “Buffalo Bill,“ a picturesque figure in American life, retired to private life in November 1911. After 28 years as a showman, preceded by many years of fighting Indians, hunting buffalo and other frontier activities, he will spend his remaining years in the Wyoming Big Horn where he helped make American history. His career began as a Pony Express rider which led him through more Indian battles than any other white man.
The disappearance of the “wild and woolly” led him into show business in 1883, including annual trips throughout the US. and a notable tour of Europe. The sobriquet “Buffalo Bill” he earned in the early 1860s when he contracted to furnish buffalo meat to the laborers engaged in building the Kansas Pacific Railroad and in less than 18 months he killed 4,280 bison. (Note: Buffalo Bill Cody died in January 1917 in Denver. Charles Miller, known as “Bronco Charley,” of Glens Falls toured with Cody’s Wild West show for five years.)
Death due to heart failure
Mrs. Ruth Dunlap, 78, died of heart failure Dec. 4, 1911 at her home in Stony Creek after an illness of three months. She had felt much better during the early morning and death came upon her suddenly.
She is survived by a son and two daughters, Loran R. Dunlap, Mrs. John Burns and Mrs. Mary Stearns, all of Stony Creek. Mrs. Dunlap is the sister of Mrs. James Cameron of Warrensburgh and she was buried in the Warrensburgh Cemetery.
In other news, Mrs. Cynthia Cobb Potter, 86, the widow of the late Clark Potter of Bolton Landing, died at her home after only a few hours illness of neuralgia of the stomach. She is survived by one son, Frank L. Cobb and two step-sons, Highland and George Potter of Bolton. She was buried in the Warrensburgh cemetery.
Looking for greener pastures
J.P. Regner, who conducted a general store in C.E. Lavery’s building near the Osborn Bridge in Warrensburgh, filed a petition of bankruptcy and moved to make a new start in New London, Conn. He left for that place on Aug. 12, 1911 and took his wife and his delivery clerk, Harry Streeter with him. They have not been heard from since. (Note: This general store was on the corner of Elm Street and Richards Avenue, across from today’s Riverside Gallery, at the bottom of “Lavery Hill.”)
The Rebekah Lodge of Warrensburgh made a net profit of $28.50 on their 15-cent supper served in a vacant store downtown.
A new nine-room house on River St., Warrensburgh, close the Shirt Factory (now housing Lizzie Keays restaurant) with poultry house, yard and town water may be purchased for $1,300 with easy terms.
Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Irish were in charge of the hotel on Prospect Mountain in Lake George this summer.
The John Bartman farm in Johnsburgh, with 75 acres of good strong soil, is for sale. Contact Nelson Wheeler, Bakers Mills. At Graphite, James Monroe will convert his dance hall into a dwelling house.
Charley Armstrong of Johnsburgh Corners cut one of his legs quite badly with an axe. Dr. Aldrich was called to dress the wound. Howard Thomas has gone to work in Fred Rogers’ garnet mine.
Tuttle & Elliot of North Creek want to hire 150 wood choppers and they will pay $1.50 a cord for cutting 27-inch wood.
Mrs. Mary Birney has at her home on Oak Street, Warrensburgh, a remarkably fine collection of house plants, among which is a very small tree bearing one lone lemon.
Thought for the Day: “Until recent years the word forest was seldom heard except as used rhetorically. It belonged to poetry and literature. People lived in the backwoods, traveled in the woods, went into the woods, came out of the woods or were lost in the woods - never in the forest. People spoke of the North Woods, the South Woods, the Nine-mile Woods and the Shattagee (Chateaugay) Woods.” Maitland C. DeSormo 1974.
Readers are welcome to contact Adirondack Journal correspondent Jean Hadden at firstname.lastname@example.org or 623-2210.